پایش کیفیت پهنه های آبی با استفاده از تصاویر سنجش از دور هوایی و ماهواره ای (مفاهیم، روش‌‌ها و راهکارهای نوین)

نوع مقاله: علمی- ترویجی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار پژوهشگاه هوافضا

2 کارشناس پژوهشی ژِوهشگاه هوافضا

3 فیزیولوژی فضایی

چکیده

پهنه­­های آبی بدون شک از مهم‌ترین اکوسیستم ­های طبیعی کرۀ زمین است. لذا پایش و نظارت بر سلامت آن­ها، یکی از اولویت­های اصلی مدیران ارشد منابع طبیعی هر کشوری محسوب می‌شود. پایش مستمر پهنه­ های آبی با روش­های متداول و سنتی، امری دشوار و هزینه­ بر است؛ از طرفی به‌ کارگیری فناوری­ های نوین مانند تصاویر ماهواره­ای و سنجش از دور در بسیاری از کاربردها مفید، سریع و کم‌هزینه ظاهر شده­است. یکی از مهم‌ترین کاربردهای تصاویر سنجش از دور، پایش کمی و کیفی پهنه‌های آبی است. از این رو در این تحقیق به بیان مفاهیم، مزایا، روش­ها، محدودیت­ها و قابلیت‌های علم و فناوری سنجش از دور در پایش پهنه­ های آبی پرداخته شده ­است. براساس نتایج حاصل از تحقیق حاضر، استفاده از روش­های تجربی، تحلیلی و نیمه ­تجربی/ نیمه ­تحلیلی در استخراج متغیرهای کیفیت پهنه­ های آبی می­تواند مفید واقع شود. در این راستا، معادلات رگرسیون خطی بیش از سایر معادلات مورد­توجه محققان قرار گرفته­است. علاوه بر این، منافع و مزیت‌های کاربرد فناوری­ های فضایی در رفع چالش‌های پایش پهنه ­های آبی کشور، مورد تأیید قرار می­گیرد.

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