بررسی تاکسی‌های هوایی عمودپرواز با سیستم‌های پیشرانش الکتریکی و هیبریدی

نوع مقاله: علمی- ترویجی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

2 پیشرانش/پژوهشگاه هوافضا

3 دانشیار گروه هوافضا- دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

چکیده

در سال­های آتی، تحولی شگرف در حمل و نقل درون شهری پدیدار خواهد شد. این تحول، با ورود تاکسی­های هوایی و وسایل پرندة دیگر همراه خواهد بود. در این مقاله، ابتدا مقدمه­ای در خصوص الزام استفاده از این سیستم آورده شده است. رایج­ترین طرح‌های مورد استفاده برای این تاکسی­ها، هواپیماهای کوچک عمود پرواز می­باشد که از پیشرانش الکتریکی یا هیبریدی استفاده می­کند. این هواپیماها، به‌دلیل نیاز به فضای کم برای برخاستن و فرود آمدن و آلایندگی عملیاتی پایین و ایمنی بالا، به شدت مورد علاقة طراحان واقع شده­ است. در ادامه، طرح­های شرکت­های صاحب­نام فعال در این حوزه بررسی می‌شود. موانعی در راه عملیاتی شدن و ورود تاکسی­های هوایی به بازار وجود دارد که به صورت کامل در 11 مورد بررسی می­شود و سپس برای رفع آنها، راه‌حل­هایی ارائه می­شود. هدف پژوهش، معرفی این نوع مدرن از تاکسی­های هوایی و ارائه­ی راه­حل­هایی برای راهیابی آن­ها به بازار به منظور سه­‌بعدی شدن محیط حمل­ و نقل است.

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