بررسی مکانیزم‌های بازشدن سازه‌های فضایی

نوع مقاله: علمی- ترویجی

نویسنده

پژوهشگاه هوافضا، وزارت علوم، تحقیقات و فناوری

چکیده

افزایش تعداد فضاپیماهای آماده پرتاب سبب نیاز به کاهش وزن، حجم و هزینه سخت‌افزارها و زیرسیستم­های آنها شده است. همچنین، این امر سبب نیاز به کاهش وزن، حجم و هزینه سخت‌افزارها و زیرسیستم­های آنها شده است. یکی از راهکارهای رفع این نیازمندی‌ها، استفاده از مکانیزم­های بازشونده در سازه­های فضایی است. ویژگی و کاربردهای استفاده از این مکانیزم­ها با بزرگ­تر شدن فضاپیماها افزایش می­یابد که سبب توسعه فناوری برای سیستم­های بزرگ­تر نیز خواهد شد. از جمله پرکاربردترین مکانیزم­های بازشونده فضایی می­توان از آرایه­های خورشیدی، آنتن­های مخابراتی، بوم‌های گرادیان جاذبه، بادبان­های خورشیدی نام برد. در این مقاله، انواع مکانیزم­های حرکتی با تمرکز بر آرایه­های خورشیدی، روش­ها و تجهیزات باز شدن آنها پس از قرار گرفتن در مدار و مزایا و معایبشان بحث و بررسی شده است.

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