Document Type : Scientific extension

Author

Assistant Professor . Aerospace Research Institute, Ministry of Science Research and Technology, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Recent advances in technology and the construction of new spacecraft have paved the way for a more detailed study of plants under real space conditions. The study of the growth and development of plants in space began in the 1950s by the Russians and the Americans. In the 1970s, the first plant experiments on the long-term effects of microgravity on plants were conducted on the US Skylab spacecraft and the Russian Salyut space station. NASA recently installed Advanced Plant Habitat on the International Space Station. Multi-spectral Fluorescence Imager, Passive Orbital Nutrient Delivery Systems, and Biological Research in Canisters/ Petri Dish Fixation Unit are among NASA's new technologies for plant studies and plant breeding in space. Therefore, the aims of scientific space exploration missions in the field of plant science are: 1. basic research to expand the frontiers of knowledge in plant biology and 2. To develop a sustainable life support system based on plants. ‌

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