Document Type : Scientific extension

Author

Assistant professor, Departement of Aerospace research Institute, Ministry of Science, Research and Technology، Tehran،Iran

Abstract

The major purpose of this paper is to consider the strategy and long term approaches in th American U.S. Space Launch Systems (SLSs)’s technology development. Recently, new approaches has been interested by U.S.. The major roots of these approaches can be searched in the Small Unit Space Transportation and Insertion (SUSTAIN) program that is suggested by U.S. marine corps. The main objective of SUSTAIN is to convey facilities and equipmqnt to the any point of the earth in the minimum time and cost. Hence, the importance of this program leaded to develop the future SLSs’s technology in SUSTAIN orientation. Then, in this paper, the SUSTAIN’s needs is considered and also presented the new approaches in technology development of SLSs to meet the programm’s requirements.

Keywords

[1] NASA's Exploration System Architecture Study, Nov. 2005.
[2] Sage, A. P., Methodology for Large-Scale Systems, 1st Ed., McGraw-Hill, 1977.
[3] Heppenheimer, T. A., History of the Space Shuttle, Vol. 1 & 2, Smithsonian Institution Press, 2002.
[4]Williamson, R., “Developing the space shuttle”, NASA SP-4407, May 2001.
 [5] Kobolov, V.N., Milovanov, A.G., Space Vehicle Transportation Systems, Moscov, 3rd Ed., Restart Publication, 2009 (In Russia).
 [6]Damphousse, P. E., Space Transportation Technology Roadmap, A Collaboration by Government and Industry To Address U.S. Government and Commercial Space Transportation Needs, 21 October 2010.
 [7] Adams, Joseph D., Hampsten, Kenneth R., Hickman, Robert A., “ARES: Affordable REsponsive Spacelift The U. S. Air Force’s Next Generation Launch System,” 30 August -1 September 2005, Long Beach, California, AIAA 2005-6682, Space 2005.
[8] U.S. Commercial Space Transportation Developments and Concepts, 2007.
 [9] Jurist, John M. Hook, David C., Livingston, David, “Small Unit Space Transport And Insertion (SUSTAIN): How to Do It and Use It as a Driver for Low-Cost Responsive Orbital Launch”, Th Responsive Space Conference, Los Angeles, CA, April 27–30, 2009.
[10] Dumbacher, Dan, “NASA’S Second Generation Reusable Launch Vehicle Program Introduction, Status, and Future Plans”, 38th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference & Exhibit 7-10 July 2002, Indianapolis, Indiana.
 [11] Hueter, Uwe, “Access-To-Space: States Launch Potential Future United Vehicle Transportation Systems”, Acta Astronautica, Vol. 35, No. 9, pp. 753-761, 1995.
[12] Florida Spaceport System Plan, Proven, Resposive, Ready and Safe – April 2013.
[13] Launch Services Program (Vision, Mission, and Goals), 2013 Path to the Future, LSP-PLN-210.01.