Document Type : Scientific extension


1 Assistant Professor, School of Civil Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology,Tehran, Iran.

2 M.Sc. Student. Noshirvani University of Technology, Babol, Iran.


Scientists and researchers are always trying to optimize and develop a variety of transportation modes, including air transportation, by using their creative ideas. In this regard, the design of airports with circular runways (i.e., Endless Runways) has recently received much attention. In these kinds of airports, there is no need to consider the headwind and cross-wind competence in order to locate the airport site. By using circular runways, the capacity and management of air transport could be significantly enhanced. Furthermore, the need for land to build the airport will be considerably reduced. In addition, the possibility of flight and operation for several large aircraft at a specific time interval can provide different advantages at peak traffic demand and critical conditions.


Main Subjects

[1]  Flightpath 2050, Europe’s Vision for Aviation Report of the High Level Group on Aviation Research, EUROPEAN COMMISSION, Directorate-General for Research and Innovation, Directorate General for Mobility and Transport, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2011.
[2]   Aeronautics and Air Transport: Beyond Vision 2020 (Towards 2050), Background Document, Advisory Council for Aeronautics Research in Europe (CARE), 2010.
[3]   Mirkovic, B., Tosic, V., Peter, K., and Höhenberger, M., “Airport Apron Roundabout – Operational Concept and Capacity Evaluation”, Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies, Vol. 80, pp. 439-453, 2017.
[4]   Roosts for City Airplane: Would This Circular Track Solve the Landing Problem, Popular Science, June 1919.
[5]  Navy Tests Design for Airport with Circular, Banked Runway, The Milwaukee Journal, Dec 1965.
[6]  Hesselink, H., D5.2 Assessment of the Endless Runway, Version 1.0, January 2014.
[7] Conrey J.S., Airport Design, US Patent 3157374, Nov. 1964.
[8]  Woldemar A., Closed Track Airport with Straight Runways for Instrument Landing and Take-off, US Patent 3333796, August 1967.
[9]   Loth, S., Hesselink, H., Verbeek, R., and Dupeyrat, M., "Innovative Airport and ATM Concept (Operating an Endless Runway)", The International Conference of the European Aerospace Societies (CEAS 2013), Linköping, Sweden, 2013.
[10] ular-runways-drive-pilots-round-the-bend/.
[11]   Mauro, D., Bruna, F., Giovanni, G., Laura, M., and Vittorio, N., “The Evaluation of Runway Surface Properties: a New Approach”, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences., Vol. 53, pp. 1192-1201,2012.
[12]   Dash, S.S., Singh, D., Mohanty, N.P., and Swagatika, S., "A Survey on Passenger-centric, Cost-effective Airport Design via End-less Runway", Conference on Communication and Signal Processing, India, 2019.
[13]  Horonjeff, R., McKelvey, F.X., Sproule, W.J., and Young, S.B., Planning and Design of Airports, Chem. Eng. Sci., McGraw-Hill Education, New York, USA, 2010.
[14]  Chakraborty, I., Comer, A.M., and Dewey, J.M., "A Simulation-Based Aircraft-Centric Assessment of the Circular/Endless Runway Concept", AIAA SciTech Forum, Orlando, FL, USA, 2020. 
[15]  Milbredt, O., Castro, A., Ayazkhani, A., and Christ, T., "Passenger-centric Airport Management via New Terminal Interior Design Concepts", Transportation Research Procedia, Vol. 27, pp. 1235-1241, 2017.
[16]  Baral, P.R., Silwal, N., Aryal, G., Shakya, R., and Pokharel, S., Badu, K.D., "Research Article Revised Concept of Nijgadh International Airport Using Endless Runway", International Journal of Research in Engineering and Science (IJRES), Vol. 9, pp. 8-13, 2021.
[17]  Dupeyrat, M., Aubry, S., Hesselink, H., Loth, S., and Remiro, A., "Evaluation of Operations on an Airport with a Circular Runway", 29th Congress of the International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences (ICAS 2014), Saint Petersbourg, Russia, 2014.
[18] Hristoski, I. and Dimovski, T., "Modelling Framework for Performance Analysis of Circular Runway Airport Traffic: A Petri Net Approach", 29th ICEST, Sozopol, Bulgaria, 2018.
[19] Hesselink. H.H., D1.3 The Endless Runway Concept: High-level Overview, Version 2.0, December 2012.
[20] Loth, S., Hesselink, H., Verbeek, R., and Dupeyrat, M., D4.2 The Endless Runway ATM Operational Concept, Version 1.0, June 2013.
[21]  Agarwal, M., Agarwal, A., Gopal, K., and Sachet, P., “Airport with a Circular Runway in India", International Journal of Advance Research, ideas and Innovations’ in technology, Vol. 4, pp. 919-922, 2012.
[22]  Greitzer, E.M. and Slater, H.N., N+3 Aircraft Concept Designs and Trade Studies, Final Report, The MIT, Aurora Flight Sciences, and Pratt&Whitney Team, 2010.
[23] Lamiscarre, B., Hermetz, J., Le Tallec, C., Brunet, M., Joulia, A., and Chaboud, T., ATS 2050 Phase 1: Research Paths for a Viable Air Transport System in 2050, ONERA, Ferance 2010.