Document Type : Scientific extension


1 MSc Student. Faculty of Aerospace, Malek Ashtar University of Technology, Iran, Tehran, Iran.

2 Associate Professor. Faculty of Aerospace, Malek Ashtar University of Technology, Iran, Tehran, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor. Faculty of Aerospace, Malek Ashtar University of Technology, Iran, Tehran, Iran.


The thermal control subsystem (TCS) of satellites is responsible for providing and maintaining the allowable temperature of that satellite equipment. Naturally, if this subsystem is not properly designed, other subsystems, including the payload, will not be able to do their duties. In general, there are two active and inactive methods for designing TCS. Studies show that the elements can be suitable for controlling the temperature of a small-scale satellite (SSS) which has low weight, volume, and power consumption. Therefore, passive temperature control this equipment is widely used in SSS. The most common of these equipment are coatings, insulators, and paints. But some active elements are commonly used to make the thermal design of small satellites safer. Heaters are more common among thermally active elements, because they .have less volume and weight than other active equipment, and consume less power than other elements


Main Subjects

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