Document Type : Research Article


1 MSc Student, Professor, Department of Mechanics, Faculty of Engineering, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

2 Professor, Department of Mechanics, Faculty of Engineering, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran


This research investigates the effect of fence on wingtip vortices and control surfaces in a bird-like aircraft using numerical methods. In designing and placing the fence, average dimensions extracted from wing root vortices at different angles of attack have been used. In addition, the fence with specified dimensions have been installed at three heights and three different positions along the wing (the length of the winglet is equal to the average length of the vortex in that part, and the height of the winglet is 30% of the diameter of the vortex in that part) and have been examined at angles of attack ranging from 7 to 16 degrees. The next stage of the study is the optimal design of the dimensions of the control surfaces using a single objective optimization method. The aim of this research is to achieve the best possible design that converges to an optimal solution with minimum time and cost. The design of control surfaces is carried out at three points based on the dimensions of the wing root vortex using numerical methods. However, Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) analysis requires a lot of computational time.


Main Subjects

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