نوع مقاله : علمی- ترویجی

نویسنده

استادیار، پژوهشگاه هوافضا، وزارت علوم تحقیقات و فناوری،تهران، ایران

چکیده

این مقاله به بررسی اجمالی اثرات اقتصادی-اجتماعی فعالیت‌های فضایی و سرمایه‌گذاری در صنایع فضایی می‌پردازد. در ابتدا با مرور ادبیات مربوطه، ارزیابی از فواید و مزایای اصلی برنامه‌های فضایی ارائه می‌شود. همچنین، روند فزایندة انتقال فناوری فضایی، تجاری‌سازی و افزایش نقش بخش خصوصی و استارتاپ های فعال صنعت فضایی در سطح اقتصاد کلان نیز مورد تأکید قرار می‌گیرد. گزارش‌ها و آمارهای به دست آمده نشان از رشد و توسعة روزافزون صنعت همراه با افزایش حوزه‌های کاربردی این صنعت می‌باشد. بدین ترتیب، شاهد رشد اشتغال‌زایی و درآمد صنعت فضایی در سال‌های گذشته هستیم. علاوه‌براین، تغییرات اقتصاد کلان ملی و بین المللی نیز اثرات مستقیم و غیرمستقیم خود را در سال‌های گذشته بر این صنعت با افزایش و بعضاً کاهش سرمایه‌گذاری، تولید و درآمد مجموعة صنعت نشان داده است. در مجموع، روند بازاری گذشته نشان از رشد نسبی این صنعت و اثرگذاری بیشتر این صنعت بر اقتصاد داشته و بیانگر وجود فرصت‌های جدید برای درآمدزایی و اشتغال در این صنعت است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Assessment of Socio-economic Impacts of Investments in Space Industry

نویسنده [English]

  • Mahdi Gholami

Assistant Professor, Aerospace Research Institute, Ministry of Science, Research, and Technology.Tehran.Iran

چکیده [English]

This paper aims to assess the socio-economic impacts of space investments. It briefly propses the benefits derived from space programs. Also, it emphasizes the impact of the ever-growing trend of space technology trasfer, space commercialization, and the role of space startups in macroeconomic level. Reviewing the Literature and industry statistics implies the constant increasing trend of space industry development and broader application areas. In this respect, job creation and revenues has been increased in recent years. On the other hand, national and international macroecomic atmosphere have had considerable effects (directly and indirectly) on investments, production and turnover of space industry as a whole. By and large, market trends in recent years have opened new windows to new opportunities and consequently, we will see more effects of space industry on national and international economy.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Space Industry
  • Socioeconomic Impacts
  • Space Investment
  • Technology Transfer
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