F. A. S. M. B. Malaik, "Optimizing Fuel Consumption Using PSO Algorithm in Group Flight," presented at the 7th Iranian Aerospace Association Conference, Tehran, 2007.
 H. Slutsken, "Why passenger jets could soon be flying in formation," Winston- salem journal, 2020.
 A. B. S. S. M. B. Malaik, "Study of effective parameters in optimizing the mass flight paths of commercial aircraft," presented at the 10th Conference of the Iranian Aerospace Association, Tehran, 2010.
 S. Ehtesham, "Development of sustainable models for discovery and presence in a flight arrangement," Master Thesis, Sharif University of Technology, Faculty of Aerospace Engineering, 2017.
 G. Durango, C. Lawson, and A. Z. Shahneh, "Formation flight investigation for highly efficient future civil transport aircraft," The Aeronautical Journal, vol. 120, pp. 1081-1100, 2016.
 I. Kroo, J. Xu, S. A. Ning, and G. Bower, "Aircraft Route Optimization for Formation Flight," 2014.
 A. Koloschin and N. Fezans, "Flight Physics of Fuel-Saving Formation Flight," in AIAA Scitech 2020 Forum, 2020, p. 1002.
 Y. Liu and E. Stumpf, "Estimation of vehicle-level fuel burn benefits of aircraft formation flight," Journal of Aircraft, vol. 55, pp. 853-861, 2018.
 F. Behnamnia, "Study of the possibility of developing a general model for post-behavior (post-poles) in arranged flight," Sharif University of Technology, Faculty of Aerospace Engineering, 2015.
 O. Bidar, "Aerodynamics and Control Aspects of Formation Flight for Induced Drag Savings," 2019.
 S. Hartjes, M. E. van Hellenberg Hubar, and H. G. Visser, "Multiple-phase trajectory optimization for formation flight in civil aviation," CEAS Aeronautical Journal, vol. 10, pp. 453-462, 2019.
 C. M. Verhagen, H. G. Visser, and B. F. Santos, "A decentralized approach to formation flight routing of long-haul commercial flights," Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part G: Journal of Aerospace Engineering, vol. 233, pp. 2992-3004, 2019.
 A. B. S. S. M. B. Malaik, "Fuzzy control of group flights near commercial aircraft," presented at the 10th Conference of the Iranian Aerospace Association, Tehran, 2010.
 L. DeVries and D. A. Paley, "Wake sensing and estimation for control of autonomous aircraft in formation flight," Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics, vol. 39, pp. 32-41, 2016.
 D. Buchner, "Automatic control of commercial airliners in formation flight," Stellenbosch: Stellenbosch University, 2015.
 B. Baleghi, "Study of how to form the flight arrangement of passenger aircraft using the logic of multi-operating systems," Master Thesis, Sharif University of Technology, Faculty of Aerospace Engineering, 2015.
 T. E. Kent and A. G. Richards, "Potential of Formation Flight for Commercial Aviation: Three Case Studies," Journal of Aircraft, vol. 58, pp. 320-333, 2021.
 L. Kovačik, A. Novík, A. Kazda, and T. Lusiak, "Automatic commercial aircraft formation flight," in 2019 New Trends in Aviation Development (NTAD), 2019, pp. 106-109.
 Y. Liu and Y. Zhou, "Investigation on the benefit of formation flight with a focus on the leading and trailing aircraft rotation," Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, 2018.
 J. Rife, "Collaborative positioning for formation flight of cargo aircraft," Journal of guidance, control, and dynamics, vol. 36, pp. 304-307, 2013.
 A. Gaifullin, O. Animitsa, I. Bosnyakov, P. Kuzmin, Y. N. Sviridenko, S. Suprunenko, et al., "Modeling of aircraft flight through the wake vortex," Journal of Applied Mechanics and Technical Physics, vol. 60, pp. 314-322, 2019.
 P. Humbert, "An Efficient Formation Flight Simulator with Extensions to Unsteady Maneuvers," 2018.
 D. Zhang, Y. Chen, X. Dong, Z. Liu, and Y. Zhou, "Numerical Aerodynamic Characteristics Analysis of the Close Formation Flight," Mathematical Problems in Engineering, vol. 2018, 2018.
 D. Vechtel, D. Fischenberg, and J. Schwithal, "Flight dynamics simulation of formation flight for energy saving using LES-generated wake flow fields," CEAS Aeronautical Journal, vol. 9, pp. 735-746, 2018.
 Q. Zhang and H. H. Liu, "Aerodynamics modeling and analysis of close formation flight," Journal of Aircraft, vol. 54, pp. 2192-2204, 2017.
 A. Inasawa, F. Mori, and M. Asai, "Detailed observations of interactions of wingtip vortices in close-formation flight," Journal of aircraft, vol. 49, pp. 206-213, 2012.
 J. Hogervorst, "Formation Flight in Civil Air Transport," University of Westminster, 2015.
 J. Brachet, R. Cleaz, A. Denis, A. Diedrich, D. King, P. Mitchell, et al., "Reference material for a proposed formation flight system," Dept. of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Massachusetts Inst. of Technology, Cambridge, MA, 2004.
 W. A. Okolo, A. Dogan, and W. Blake, "Ride quality within conventional and delta-wing trail aircraft in formation flight," Journal of Aircraft, vol. 55, pp. 1592-1604, 2018.
 C. Redelinghuys and N. Bizinos, "Tentative Study of Passenger Comfort During Formation Flight Within Atmospheric Turbulence," 2013.
 W. Okolo, A. Dogan, and W. Blake, "Ride quality within trail aircraft in formation flight," in 7th AIAA Atmospheric and Space Environments Conference, 2015, p. 3325.
 E. F. Trollip and J. Engelbrecht, "Ride comfort in commercial aircraft during formation flight using conventional flight control," in 2016 IEEE Aerospace Conference, 2016, pp. 1-20.
 Y. Liu, "Study on the vibrational comfort of aircraft in formation flight," Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, 2020.