نوع مقاله : علمی- ترویجی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترا، دانشکده مهندسی مکانیک، گروه هوافضا، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران.

2 دانشیار، دانشکده مهندسی مکانیک، گروه هوافضا، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

در این مقاله، مسئله ملاقات و اتصال مداری به‌عنوان یک المان کلیدی و با اهمیت که دارای کاربردهای اساسی و مهم نیز در حوزه فضایی بوده، مورد مطالعه قرار گرفته است. در نتیجه هدف اصلی این مقاله بیان کلیات و بخش‌های مهم یک مأموریت ملاقات و اتصال است. همچنین، اهمیت و نمونه‌هایی از کاربرد مسئله معرفی و سپس مراحل مشترک در یک مأموریت ملاقات و اتصال مداری، رویکردهای حل مسئله و روش‌های پرکاربرد بیان شده‌اند. یک بخش با اهمیت در مأموریت ملاقات و اتصال  کنترل سامانه است. بنابراین، کنترل‌کننده‌های پرکاربرد در این مسئله و برخی از مزایا و معایب آن‌ها بیان شده و کنترل همزمان موقعیت و وضعیت نیز به‌عنوان یک چالش مهم مورد بررسی قرار گرفته است. در ادامه برخی از رویکردها و سنسورهای متداول ناوبری در یک مسئله ملاقات و اتصال مداری معرفی شده و در نهایت مثال‌ها و نمونه‌هایی از تجهیزات آزمایشگاهی، به‌عنوان یک ابزار مهم ارائه شده‌اند. 

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

An Overview of the Importance, Challenges, and Methods of Orbital Rendezvous and Docking

نویسندگان [English]

  • Pourya Shokrolahi 1
  • Masoud Ebrahimi 2

1 PhD student . Department of Mechanical, Group of Aerospace, Engineering, Tarbiat Modares, Isfahan, Iran.

2 Associate Professor. Department of Mechanical, Group of Aerospace, Engineering, Tarbiat Modares, Tehran.Iran.

چکیده [English]

In this article, orbital rendezvous and docking, as a key and important subject that has fundamental and important applications in the field of space have been studied. The main objective of this paper will be the investigation of the general and important sections of a rendezvous and docking mission. Importance and examples of the Application of the problem and also common steps in a rendezvous and docking mission, problem-solving approaches and practical methods have been explained in this article. System control is an important part of the mission of rendezvous and docking. Thus, the practical controllers and some of their advantages and disadvantages are expressed and simultaneous position and attitude control has been studied as an important challenge. In the following, some common approaches and sensors in an orbital rendezvous and docking problem are presented and finally, examples of laboratory equipment as an important tool are provided.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Orbital Rendezvous and Docking
  • Controller
  • Navigation
  • Laboratory Equipment
  • Position and Attitude Coupling
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