مروری بر اهمیت، چالش‌ها و روش‌های ملاقات و اتصال مداری

نوع مقاله : علمی- ترویجی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترا، دانشکده مهندسی مکانیک، گروه هوافضا، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران.

2 دانشیار، دانشکده مهندسی مکانیک، گروه هوافضا، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

در این مقاله، مسئله ملاقات و اتصال مداری به‌عنوان یک المان کلیدی و با اهمیت که دارای کاربردهای اساسی و مهم نیز در حوزه فضایی بوده، مورد مطالعه قرار گرفته است. در نتیجه هدف اصلی این مقاله بیان کلیات و بخش‌های مهم یک مأموریت ملاقات و اتصال است. همچنین، اهمیت و نمونه‌هایی از کاربرد مسئله معرفی و سپس مراحل مشترک در یک مأموریت ملاقات و اتصال مداری، رویکردهای حل مسئله و روش‌های پرکاربرد بیان شده‌اند. یک بخش با اهمیت در مأموریت ملاقات و اتصال  کنترل سامانه است. بنابراین، کنترل‌کننده‌های پرکاربرد در این مسئله و برخی از مزایا و معایب آن‌ها بیان شده و کنترل همزمان موقعیت و وضعیت نیز به‌عنوان یک چالش مهم مورد بررسی قرار گرفته است. در ادامه برخی از رویکردها و سنسورهای متداول ناوبری در یک مسئله ملاقات و اتصال مداری معرفی شده و در نهایت مثال‌ها و نمونه‌هایی از تجهیزات آزمایشگاهی، به‌عنوان یک ابزار مهم ارائه شده‌اند. 

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


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